Servicing ONIDA Slim 300 CRT TV

By on April 3, 2017
crt tv repair

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This CRT TV was brought to me in a dead condition.  On enquiry with the customer, I learnt that it was having some lines appearing/shaking problems for quite some time, after which it became dead.   As usual, I opened the set and subjected to thorough cleaning in and out. Discharged the anode wire that goes on top of the CRT, slowly disconnected the CRT earth wire, CRT PCB, Mains connector, Degaussing coil connector, yoke connector, front panel connector etc. one by one.

   crt tv repair

crt tv repairing

how to fix crt tv

On inspection of the PCB, I noticed that the Fuse was blown, board had burnt marks under the Degaussing PTC and a lot of dry solder joints. I removed the PTC to study the extent of damage:

 posistor bad

As you can see, the burnt marks were worse! So, I did a thorough cleaning of the spot with IPA and scraped the area to the extent possible. The picture below is that I took when I was half way through, but forgot to click it after I finished:

 crt posistor

Then combed the board for any bulgy and/or ESR out capacitors and found many. One Blue Fixed capacitor reading  152, 2KV in the SMPS section had blown (According to my technician friends, this is a common fault in this model)! So did my favourite work of replacing all these capacitors with new ones, followed by thorough retouching of ALL the points on the CRT PCB, Main PCB, Panel PCB etc. which is my routine, whenever I find more than 50% dry solders. Replaced the PTC with a new one.   Did a thorough cleaning of the PCB using IPA. Connected a 40W bulb in place of the Fuse, disconnected the secondary B+, which was 125V in this set, that goes to the LOT/FBT and connected a 100W Bulb as load for the secondary, and switched on the set. The 40W/230V bulb light lit up momentarily and went off indicating that all was well with the power supply. So, disconnected and discharged the high voltage capacitor, which was 330uF/450V and replaced the fuse. On switch on, the 100W/230V bulb remained lit. The standby LED was also lit. Checked the secondary voltage and found it to be 125V and the marking on the secondary voltage controller used in the circuit also confirmed it. Disconnected, and discharged the high voltage capacitor. The secondary residual charge if any would have got drained because of the 100W load that I had given.




Connected the board back to the CRT and put back all connectors and ensured that the earth wire to CRT PCB is properly inserted and has a firm connection. Before connecting the anode wire, once again discharged the CRT anode with the earth, as CRTs develop mild charge on its own, probably because the CRT with its anode and earth coating outside serves as a big capacitor and retains some charge in spite of discharging it. I heard a ‘putt’ sound, and felt happy about the precaution I took! Such residual charges can give a shock that might find its way through up to the arm pit or even the chest area and we might experience numbness for some time!  Just imagine what will happen if we touch the area when the CRT is on! Switched on the set after re-checking all connections and immediately smelt some plastic part was burning and smoke came from the SMPS primary section. Switched off the set and keeping my body parts safely away from the PCB and CRT anode area, did a ‘dog’ smelling to locate the spot, which most probably was from the Degaussing Coil side. Touched the PTC and got my finger almost burnt as it was very, very hot! So, either the Degaussing coil is short (very, very rare) or the new PTC is a defective piece or of poor quality. Disconnected the degaussing coil and checked it with Ring Tester and found it to be ok.

It was showing a few ohms and not a dead short. The suspect therefore was the new PTC itself.  Once again went through the process of removing the Main PCB (I always prefer to work on the PCB isolated and kept on my table rather than tilting it up straining almost all connectors, which can cause lot more problems either immediately or later! Moreover I have to strain my neck too!) Replaced the PTC with one collected from my technician friend, who removed it from a discarded Panasonic CRT Board. Reconnected the PCB following all precautions and switched on. The raster came on, but had some noise lines on it. (That much for the quality of new PTC available in the market now-a-days!) repairing crt tv

Tried changing the input mode to AV, using the Remote. Nothing happened! Tried using the panel control, nothing happened! So, I knew there was some problem in that area. So, dismantled the PCB for the third time and probed that area. Replaced the suspected sensor. Found data track from sensor/panel to uController showing resistance of a few ohms. So, bypassed it by a thin wire.    Checked SMD components around that area and checked the resistance from the sensor to the uController pin to match the value of resistor connected in the path. Found this to be ok. After this detailed and thorough check up, once again mounted the PCB. Switched on. The TV started working properly, and responded to panel but was intermittent to the RC. So, fetched a replacement of the RC from the market and checked. The set worked perfectly well!  how to fix ad repair crt tv

Left the set on for almost 18 hours and could not find any problem. These are the components replaced. (You can notice a cracked PTC and Fixed Capacitor) fixing crt television

Another marathon service work came to an end, providing a lot of satisfaction and knowledge full experiences!

I wish to add my sincere thanks to my technician friends who provide sensible advice whenever I encounter strange problems in my service! In fact, a good credit should go to them for what I am capable of doing today! (The precautions for handling CRT TV contained in this article are intended for novices and for those who handle these occasionally like me!)

This article was prepared for you by Parasuraman Subramanian from India. He is 66 years old and has more than 30 years’ experience in handling antiques equipment Valve Radio, Amps, Reel Tape Recorders and currently studying latest techs classes conduct by Kerala State Electronics Technicians’ Association. He was a BBA graduate, retired as MD of a USA company.




 

Please give a support by clicking  on the social buttons below. Your feedback on the post is welcome. Please leave it in the comments.

P.S-If you enjoyed reading this, click here to subscribe to my blog (free subscription). That way, you’ll never miss a post. You can also forward this website link to your friends and colleagues-thanks!

You may check on his previous repair article below:

http://jestineyong.com/servicing-frontech-atx-power-supply/

 

Likes(98)Dislikes(1)

11 Comments

  1. Albert van Bemmelen

    April 4, 2017 at 12:13 am

    Another time consuming and extremely tedious job only you could have done this successfully, Parasuraman Subramanian! I always learn new CRT repair things from your articles. Like using the 2 lightbulbs trick. The pricetag this repair could have had would have been no doubt very high, also because of all bad components you had to replace!
    Kudos!!

    Likes(5)Dislikes(0)
  2. angelo

    April 4, 2017 at 5:49 am

    thank you sir Parasuraman

    what does PTC mean ?

    sir

    i have a request next time when you connect any bulb
    to the circuit plzzzz provide us screenshots

    thank you....

    Likes(2)Dislikes(0)
    • Zibbo

      April 4, 2017 at 4:43 pm

      Positive Temperature Coefficient

      Likes(2)Dislikes(0)
    • Parasuraman S

      April 4, 2017 at 4:54 pm

      Pl visit http://jestineyong.com/about-posistor-positive-temparature-coeeficient-ptc/

      Likes(2)Dislikes(0)
  3. Zibbo

    April 4, 2017 at 4:40 pm

    Your repairs are always very thorough!

    Likes(2)Dislikes(0)
  4. suraga Electronics

    April 4, 2017 at 8:15 pm

    Hello , MrParasuraman,

    you have done Good Repair Job.

    Thanks for sharing.

    Likes(3)Dislikes(0)
  5. Henry

    April 4, 2017 at 9:30 pm

    Great and detailed article.

    Thank you

    Likes(2)Dislikes(0)
  6. Isaac ganza

    April 7, 2017 at 3:05 pm

    A good way to test a ptc, set your ddm to diode mode 2 leg ptc u should get a beep on ddm that mean ptc is good if get some readings no that a ptc is bad 3leg ptc 1and2 legs beep 2and3 open curcuit some ptc's readings.

    Likes(1)Dislikes(0)
  7. reza

    April 12, 2017 at 1:16 pm

    Hi mr Parasuraman Subramanian
    thank u

    Likes(1)Dislikes(0)
  8. Humberto

    April 13, 2017 at 1:44 pm

    Good repair Parasuraman. Keep on

    Likes(2)Dislikes(0)
  9. Robert Calk

    April 15, 2017 at 5:58 pm

    Good job, Parasuraman.

    Likes(1)Dislikes(0)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *