Servicing ZEBRONICS ATX Power Supply

By on June 4, 2017
repairing power supply

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

power supply repair

My persistent requests were responded and I was allowed to start a service centre within the Hospital for in-house servicing of defective electronic devices. So, I am now-a-days able to spend my free time to do my favourite service! I have already cleared four ATX SMPS, all of which were having the usual problems like capacitor burst and/or switching transistors short etc. and I did not bother to write an article, as the faults were quite common and there was nothing new in it! But the present case is a very interesting one, reasons for which are in climax!




 

This ATX Power Supply was brought to me, as the service provider declared it to be beyond economical repairs and recommended a replacement. As usual, the first job was to do a thorough cleaning up. Noticed that a couple of capacitors in the secondary were bulgy. One resistor which had distinct marks of Red, Black, Black and Gold (R8) and another Brown, Black, Black and Gold (R6) (20 Ohms and 10 Ohms), were both open. Fuse was intact. Noticed a lot of dry solder. So, patched up dry solder and cleaned up the board thoroughly. Replaced the two resistors as well as all the electrolytic capacitors on the board as some of them had ESR out of range. Just see the board after this and also the inside after replacement of capacitors:

how to fix atx power supply

atx power supply fix

Since I have set up the workshop myself, I had added one AC power outlet extension, which had one ELCB fit on it, along with three 3 pin female sockets with switch and one wired through a series bulb holder with a switch. Just see the power outlet and my service table:

fixing power supply

Connected the Power Supply to the Series Bulb socket and switched on, the fan purred, but the bulb remained lit and the two resistors which I had replaced started burning! Switched off and after referring to Jestine Yong’s world famous SMPS Repair book, and another ATX Power Supply circuit, I tried without shorting the green to earth wire at the output. The bulb did not remain lit! So, I knew that the primary was definitely ok. Something in the secondary is wrong! My suspicion was that the value of the resistors could be wrong. So, I looked through the number of SMPS waiting in queue and found a similar one. Found that the R6 and R8 resistors in that were not open.

Removed them and tested it with a Multimeter. Just guess what I found!  The one with Red, Black, Black and Gold was reading 277 Ohms, and the one with Brown, Black, Black and Gold was reading 410 Ohms! I could not believe it myself!  How can it be! Then I picked up another resistor removed from a salvaged SMPS, but different colour code. The code was Red, Black, Black and Gold. But see the values these were showing:

how to check resistors

So, I tried using different value resistors for R6 and R8, with the same result. Finally, I decided to put these two resistors that I removed from another SMPS. The Power Supply worked perfectly, with all its output voltages of 12, 5 and 3 V perfect! Now, let us have a look at the board with these two resistors in place:

atx power supply repair

testing power supply repairing

I switched it on for a couple of hours, without any problem. The SMPS fan ‘purred’ smoothly! Here are the pictures after assembled it back and components replaced:

atx power supply fixing

Now, why the values of the resistors are totally different from the codes on the resistors? Since this is a China make, are they doing it deliberately to fool the service technicians, who will be forced to recommend a replacement? Well, I have no idea! Another possibility of changing colours due to heat in the resistor is also ruled out as yellow cannot become brown, and second code cannot become ‘black’! Anyhow another job completed satisfactorily, though the mystery remains unsolved!

This article was prepared for you by Parasuraman Subramanian from India. He is 66 years old and has more than 30 years’ experience in handling antiques equipment Valve Radio, Amps, Reel Tape Recorders and currently studying latest techs classes conduct by Kerala State Electronics Technicians’ Association. He was a BBA graduate, retired as MD of a USA company.

 




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You may check on his previous repair article below:

http://jestineyong.com/servicing-akai-active-surrond-speaker-system-model-ss803s/

 

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15 Comments

  1. Albert van Bemmelen

    June 4, 2017 at 6:45 pm

    I like your AC power outlet extension device you made with Bulb and Automatic Fuse integrated, Parasuraman Subramanian. Luckily you had exact the same SMPS units with other defects to be able to determine the correct resistor values. I hardly have space on my worktable left that is not occupied by many devices and AC outlet extensions why I maybe need to fix such a device on my wall. Nice job and I guess the e-cap manufacturer surely must love you by now!

    Likes(6)Dislikes(0)
    • Robert Calk

      June 5, 2017 at 11:10 pm

      Hi Albert,
      My table is also cluttered with not enough room. I need to add another table.

      Likes(2)Dislikes(0)
      • Albert van Bemmelen

        June 8, 2017 at 3:16 pm

        I know exactly what you mean Robert, after having seen your photo at the end of your latest articles. I need a big hole in my wall by now! LOL.
        Cheers!

        Likes(2)Dislikes(0)
  2. Andrew F. Ali

    June 5, 2017 at 3:33 am

    I have found these same anomalies in other ATX PSUs and PS#s etc...I think it is deliberate of the manufacturers to 'trick' Techs.....Also I haven't found this in LCD/LCD or Plasma TVs or audio equipment. Thanks for a good article.

    Likes(2)Dislikes(0)
  3. Gerald Musy

    June 5, 2017 at 8:10 am

    Very unusual Parasuraman,I never came across this kind of problem.Sometimes colors are confusing e.g. brown and red but not to this extreme.
    Well done and thanks for sharing.And congratulation for setting this service center within the Hospital.
    Cheers,
    GM

    Likes(4)Dislikes(0)
  4. James

    June 5, 2017 at 3:23 pm

    Good article sir, but I am thinking maybe they made a mistake color coding these at the manufacturing plant and instead of throwing them away they persuaded the manufacturer of the power supplys to buy them for real cheap but made sure they knew what the resistances actually were so they could use them.

    Likes(1)Dislikes(0)
  5. Robert Calk

    June 5, 2017 at 11:16 pm

    Good job, Parasuraman. You need to get Mr. Yong's e-book, "How to find burnt resistor value". Then you will not need to find another PCB.

    Likes(2)Dislikes(0)
    • Parasuraman

      June 6, 2017 at 9:29 am

      I already have it. But it is in my home computer. This was done in my work place. First preference is always for another similar board.

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      • Robert Calk

        June 6, 2017 at 8:43 pm

        Print a copy to have at work. I have all of my e-books printed because I prefer to read actual books rather than a computer screen.

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        • Parasuraman

          June 10, 2017 at 8:29 pm

          Searching the entire book with one key word is possible only if it is in computer. Scanning through several pages is time consuming. Next is storing: We need to have a bookshelf, periodical dust and pest removing maintenance.....

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  6. Henrique Jorge Guimarães Ulbrich

    June 6, 2017 at 4:10 am

    That's awesome! I'd never found this type of problem. Who explains?

    Likes(1)Dislikes(0)
  7. Yogesh Panchal

    June 6, 2017 at 2:40 pm

    Sir,

    This is technique for keeping things to their favor and sustain Monopoly for their products.some time they use dummy components also on the PCB to misguide service guys.

    Likes(2)Dislikes(0)
  8. Humberto

    June 7, 2017 at 12:03 pm

    Good repair and excellent discovery. Congrats.

    Likes(2)Dislikes(0)
  9. DINESH

    August 31, 2017 at 3:11 pm

    SIR I AM BANGALSDSHI I NEED POWER SUPPLY TESTER WHERE I CAN BUY THIS PRODUCTS

    Likes(1)Dislikes(0)
  10. Dilum

    September 2, 2017 at 9:57 am

    I also faced this type of problems few times, some are still in my workshop. Good work Mr.

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