Shorted Mosfets and Bad Capacitors In Amplifier

By on September 15, 2018
blue esr reading

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This NAD 360 Amplifier was brought to me with the complaint that the output was weak. As usual, first job is to open the set and clean it thoroughly, which I did.

amplifier repair

On observation I found that the speaker connectors were broken, the volume knob was missing and replaced by a crude looking cap of some plastic bottle.




I decided to fix this first using superglue. So, dismantled the PCB from its case and removed the speaker connectors.

amplifier connectors

repair amplifier board

After it got fixed properly, turned my attention to the defects in the unit. Observed that the DC fuses were blown, proving that the customer was either taking me for a ride or this would have happened during last use at the time of switch off, which would have gone unnoticed. Unfortunately, there are a few customers who resort to covering up the actual defect or damage that themselves know as there is a general feeling that if they tell us what happened, we will take it as a free license and may charge more!  Because, the prevailing tendency is to get the work done to their satisfaction, but not to spend befittingly! Anyhow, I called him up and told him sternly that what he told was not true, upon which he replied that it would have gone unnoticed. Anyhow, I ensured that the message got registered!

fix amplifier

On further testing using Analogue Multimeter, noticed that two of the Mosfets were showing bad reading. So, removed these. But removing the portion was a bit tricky, as the heat zinc was held by the mosfets, and the pins were bent up, any strain would tear off the tracks and cause further damages! Replaced the mosfets.

how to repair and fix amplifier

Then looked for reasons for the failure of these mosfets.




Many of the capacitors were way out of range of ESR and values. Following pictures are self-explanatory:

blue esr meter

multimeter reading

This amplifier has two modules for left channel and right channel, housed in aluminium cases. Just see one cap almost burnt! Also how clogged were the connectors!

connectors clogged

Removed the Display PCB from the front panel for check up and dry solder touch up.

fixing amplifier

After all these marathon efforts, cleaned the PCBs thoroughly. Connected Audio Input and checked up. Noticed that the volume control was having dirt collected in it and it was intermittent and lubrication and cleaning did not work. So, removed it and opened it up, did manual cleaning using cotton dipped with IPA.  As you will notice, this has a motor for remote control of the Volume.

amplifier remote control volume

Refit it and noticed that it was working well. Tested it for a very long time and for a couple of days and ensured that there are no faults in the Amp. As the customer did not want to change the volume control knob, I left it as it is!

amplifier repaired

Here are the components replaced in this Ampere, which could be an all-time record!

bad capacitors and fets

Another tedious but teaching job completed to my utmost satisfaction. The customer did not seem to be very happy about the cost of service, as it looks it was borrowed for use from someone and this has burnt his fingers. Well, I cannot help it!




 

Like what I mentioned earlier, there are some who do not want to spend, but expect the best in return, of-course, for their own reasons! For me, if I had borrowed something from someone, and it failed at my place, I will opt to return it in better condition than before and definitely not just a patch to make it work! Well, we have to manage with such multifaceted customers in our profession!  What else to do!

This article was prepared for you by Parasuraman Subramanian from India. He is 69 years old and has more than 30 years’ experience in handling antique equipment like Valve Radio, Amps, Reel Tape Recorders and currently studying latest tech-classes conducted by Kerala State Electronics Technicians’ Association. He has done graduation in BBA degree, private diploma in Radio Engineering and retired as MD of a USA company. Presently working as Consultant to Hospital and other institutions.

 

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You may check on his previous repair article below:

http://jestineyong.com/servicing-yamaha-tc520-tape-deck/

 

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7 Comments

  1. Paris Azis

    September 15, 2018 at 12:57 pm

    Hello Parasuraman. The last paragraph of your text I think is the most significant. At least this is my feeling about the topic, with which I fully agree with you. Nice presentation and too much of job! Well done!

    Likes(3)Dislikes(0)
  2. John Peplau

    September 15, 2018 at 2:01 pm

    My father always said to me, (before I took over the shop) “never count on this being your sole source of income because you’ll go broke “. However, There are times you can manage your time quickly and have parts on hand that make those quick fixes a winning game. But there will always be that one job that lasts for weeks ! That’s when you’re paying for your own education. Your photos are mostly blurry but the basics are detectable.

    Likes(4)Dislikes(0)
  3. Lee

    September 15, 2018 at 2:43 pm

    As usual You have gone above & beyond to fix this Amp and the customer isn't grateful to get your quality of service. Customers like that we don't need.

    Likes(3)Dislikes(0)
  4. Albert van Bemmelen

    September 15, 2018 at 3:05 pm

    Your superb service many times includes much more than the standard repair when complete cleaning, relubricating of volume controls and testing and replacing of bad capacitors is involved! I wonder what the condition of the Amplifier was before the other guy lend it out?

    Likes(3)Dislikes(0)
  5. Robert Calk Jr.

    September 15, 2018 at 10:46 pm

    Good job, Parasuraman. Many people expect everything to be cheap, unless they are doing something or selling something to you!

    Likes(3)Dislikes(0)
  6. Yogesh Panchal

    September 16, 2018 at 10:38 pm

    Very tedious Job But you have the patience!
    Good Job Sir.

    Likes(1)Dislikes(0)
  7. Tyrone.

    September 20, 2018 at 7:11 pm

    Very good job Parasuraman superb service.

    Likes(1)Dislikes(0)

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