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A Shorted Electronic Welding Machine Repaired. Model: Caddy

By on July 15, 2019











A welding technician brought this to my shop for repair. He brought this for repair because his father asked him to bring it to my shop. His father is also a customer of mine and he is a well known welder in my home town.

welding machine repair

As a first step of testing this kind of equipment is to test the resistance on the negative and positive terminals of the welding outputs.

I have to get at least 450 ohms reading there. When I tested with my multimeter on these terminals I got nothing and when testing with diode reading, I got a zero reading indicating a short in the device.

welding machine repair and fix

From experience, a short like that usually caused by either shorted IGBT/Mosfet transistors or could be in the rectifier parts. I have to take this machine apart to find out.

welder board repair

It was dusty as expected but did not see any burn marks or anything that suggests bad parts on top.

how to fix welder machine

It is strange to me that the body of it is plastic because it is usually metal so the ground connection will be available in every area of the case.

how to repair welder machine

Finally I got to the area where the rectifiers are located. As expected, one of the rectifying transistors was shorted.

shorted components in welding machine

Once it was taken off board, the short was gone and I was testing resistance as usual.



Click to view datasheet

It was shorted on all pins and it has to be replaced. The problem is finding such part because we are talking about 60 amp ratings up to 200 volts. I could not find the exact part so I had to go with the replacement.



Click to view datasheet

This replacement actually is higher in power which is 300 volts but the same amp.

Once I replaced that shorted part, I added thermal paste to new and old parts on the machine.

igbt transistor

These are the IGBT and the bridge rectifier found on the top board. The thermal paste was totally dry and it has to be replaced.

I did a lot of dusting on it and replaced the main power plug because the customer did not connect the ground wire to it for some reason.

I put everything back together and powered on the electronic welder and the result was as expected.

igbt transistor bad and replace

The guy did not provide the welding cables for this machine but with the reading I was getting on the main positive and negative terminals, I know for sure it was working just fine.

I also took it to my brother (he is a welder); and tested it out for the whole day and it was working just fine.

Mission accomplished.

This article was prepared for you by Waleed Rishmawi, one of our ‘Master Authors’ and currently working in the Bethlehem area of Palestine repairing electrical and electronic equipment.

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Note: You can check his previous repair articles in the link below:




  1. Albert van Bemmelen

    July 15, 2019 at 10:59 pm

    Well-Welder-done! And thanks for the info on the datasheet.

    • Waleed Rishmawi

      July 18, 2019 at 1:11 pm

      Albert: I would like to thank you for your positive input about my articles. Your comments always an encouragement to me and I appreciate it very much my friend

  2. Parasuraman S

    July 18, 2019 at 8:27 pm

    Though I had posted a comment on your article earlier, looks like it did not reach! A good, but 'dirty' job handled so 'cleanly'! Well done! As usual, you are unmatched in your professional solutions!

    • Waleed Rishmawi

      July 20, 2019 at 3:27 pm

      Parasuraman: thanks man. you too I thank your for your positive encouragement all the time. have a blessed day

  3. Francisco Rica

    July 19, 2019 at 3:53 am

    Fantastic job Waleed :

    About your comment:

    "I have to get at least 450 ohms reading there. When I tested with my multimeter on these terminals I got nothing and when testing with diode reading, I got a zero reading indicating a short in the device."

    I don't understand this. How can you explain me that in ohm scale the multimeter got nothing (I understand "OL") and the diode scale got zero volts (that is 0 ohmios).
    Maybe the ohm an diode scale in your multimeter works with different working voltage?
    Mybe in ohm scale don't excite the semiconductor components but in diode scale, yes?

  4. Waleed Rishmawi

    July 20, 2019 at 3:31 pm

    Francisco: when checking with the ohm setting on my multi meter, I was suppose to get 450 Ohm reading but I did not, I was getting 0 ohm. not OL. and on the diode settings I got continuity which means dead short and parts are shorted out as mentioned earlier. this testing was done with machine not connected to power..have a blessed day

  5. Francisco Rica

    July 20, 2019 at 9:40 pm

    Thanks Walleed!! I then understand. ok, then in ohm scale you detected the short (0 ohm) on the circuit. And in diode scale is expected the result of zero (volt).


  6. Francisco Rica

    July 20, 2019 at 10:11 pm

    I forgot make you a question: why did you do two measures: one in ohm scale and one in diode scale.

    My digital multimeter has:

    - the continuity scale which use a 3.0 work voltage,
    - the diode scale which also use a 3.0 work voltage.

    and in detecting short as you did, I have no see difference (yes, diode scale measure volts or kohm).


    • Yogesh Panchal

      July 23, 2019 at 4:18 pm

      Don't get confused as this is just a cross checking method.

      In diode mode i think there is limitation up to 200Ohm.

      But may be waleed wants to reconfirm that the reading which he has form his previous repair experience in same type of equipment.

      On getting there "0"ohm he rechecked it on DIODE/Buzzer mode for concluding the doubt.


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