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Computer ATX SMPS No Power Repaired

By on September 30, 2020
atx power supply repair

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Received one Desktop Computer for No power symptom.

circle atx power supply repair

Checked Power cable found OK, Checked power trigger switch on computer found OK .Checked Power supply Voltages on power connector there is no voltage output concluded the Power Supply is faulty.

For Triggering the SMPS you must have

Three Voltages on the Power Connector

1)      PS_ON         —- 5V ( Green Wire)

2)      Standby       —-5V  (Purple Wire)

3)      Power OK     —-5V   (Gray Wire)……..

atx power supply pinout

Color Code of wire is Standard for

Any brand of PC Power Supply.

First I have Checked PS_ON Voltage I am getting no voltage. Hence I have Disassembled the SMPS for further fault finding. On Visual Inspection I didn’t found any Physical damage or burnt out.

how to fix atx power supply

Then I have removed the circuit from the Metal Chases.

Now I have started cold testing on Primary side…….But I am not getting any reading on multimeter. Even testing continuity on the trace it is not showing any Reading .so i turned the circuit on component side and checked Fuse for continuity

I found Fuse is OK and showing Continuity again I have tested on solder side same problem no continuity…………..

I have taken the circuit under bright light and see what I found……

Some Shiny liquid type substance on PCB primary side of the Circuit. On googling I found this is “PCB Non conductive insulating spray called Conformal Coating”.

A conformal coating is a thin polymeric film applied by spray to a printed circuit board (PCB) in order to protect the board and its components from the environment and corrosion.

atx board repair

So now I am comfortable for testing because I use sharp needle test multimeter probe I am just apply pressure on the test point to penetrate the needle to the solder.

Further ……as I have seen Fuse is intact and there is no burnt mark on PCB. It indicates that there is no short circuit on primary side & indicates some Open Circuit /malfunction of some components.

Checked 320V on Mains Capacitor found ok that means up to the mains capacitor everything is OK.

Hence I have decided to check further components on cold testing. I have removed two switching transistor checked found OK.

atx power transistor test

Removed Standby transformer side Diode because it gives reading on both the direction on PCB.

atx pcb board fix

Testing Out of the Circuit it shows OK One direction Reading means Diode is OK. Now I have started checking all the components primary side after Mains capacitor. Here I found 1MΩ Resistor open circuit it is not showing any reading on the meter.

fixing atx power supplies

Replaced the faulty Resistor.

faulty resistor

On tracing I Found this resistor is connected to the power management IC UTC 7608D Pin no. 1 assumed this is VCC PIN. (Didn’t found Datasheet on the net for UTC 7608D). After replacing new resistor I have re assembled the unit and reconnected the cooling FAN on the Circuit and turned on the power supply by triggering PS_ON Signal.

For triggering testing any PC SMPS you have to short the PS_ON (green wire) with Ground (Black wire) by putting ‘U’ clip copper wire.

u clip wire in power supply

For safety I have connected series Bulb and turned On the Unit. Now final result……….

bad resistor in atx power supply

So Culprit is 1MΩ Resistor.

Now Power supply is OK……..

One more thing… some technicians get confused for Cooling Fan Voltage.




Because in the PC SMPS mostly Red wire is dedicated to +5V and in FAN connector there is also Red wire. So whenever FAN gets BAD technicians cut the wire of new fan and connecting it on 5V. This is wrong.

Always check the voltage rating On the FAN it is 12V it should be connected to 12V.

how to repair and fix atx power supply

This article was prepared for you by Yogesh Panchal who works as a Computer Hardware Engineer in Mumbai India.

P.S- Do you know of any your friends who would benefit from this content that you are reading now? If so, forward this website to your friends or you can invite your friends to subscribe to my newsletter for free in this Link.

Note: You can check his previous repair articles in the link below:

https://jestineyong.com/acer-es1-520-laptop-with-no-display-fixed/

 

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18 Comments

  1. Parasuraman S

    September 30, 2020 at 10:51 pm

    Very thorough job with a lot of description step by step for even a layman to follow! Good job there! Many thanks for sharing!

    Likes(2)Dislikes(0)
    • Yogesh Panchal

      October 1, 2020 at 3:26 pm

      Thank You! Sir.

      Likes(0)Dislikes(0)
  2. Josh

    September 30, 2020 at 11:47 pm

    Enjoying your posts.THanks for sharing.

    Likes(0)Dislikes(0)
    • Yogesh Panchal

      October 1, 2020 at 3:27 pm

      Your welcome Josh.

      Likes(1)Dislikes(0)
  3. Albert van Bemmelen

    October 1, 2020 at 12:04 am

    Excellent repair! Sadly not all power supply connectors share the same common pinconfiguration anymore. The 18 pin connector for Medion (Aldi) desktop power supplies is completely different. And if another matching replacement supply can't be found we need to use a power adapter cable so we can use a standard 24 pin power supply in our desktop computer. Like this one for Lenovo 24 to 14 pin power connector adapter cable: https://www.amazon.de/-/en/CONECTO-CC20015-ATX-Adaptor-Supply-Motherboard/dp/B07CZ4LT2R

    Likes(3)Dislikes(0)
    • Yogesh Panchal

      October 1, 2020 at 3:41 pm

      Albert, Now a days Converters are available as you shared the link this majorly used in Business /Commercial series workstations & depends on type of the motherboard.

      Likes(0)Dislikes(0)
  4. Greenford William Mafuleka

    October 1, 2020 at 12:48 am

    Dear Sir,
    I have been not going through the articles because of too many things to do.I have one senior retired technician who started TV repair in business premise and he is very good on TVS. Will introduce him to you and that friend of you. The pc box power supply is good repair done, resistor problem solved.

    Likes(0)Dislikes(0)
    • Yogesh Panchal

      October 1, 2020 at 3:42 pm

      Thank you! Sir

      Likes(0)Dislikes(0)
  5. Anwar Y Shiekh

    October 1, 2020 at 3:33 am

    Very, very nice catch; a 2c part.

    Likes(0)Dislikes(0)
    • Yogesh Panchal

      October 1, 2020 at 3:43 pm

      Thank you! Mr. Anwar

      Likes(0)Dislikes(0)
  6. babums

    October 2, 2020 at 12:03 am

    Your are very nicely explained to attend the fault.Thanks for sharing and excepting many more articles.

    Likes(0)Dislikes(0)
    • Yogesh Panchal

      October 2, 2020 at 6:32 pm

      Babums,
      your welcome!

      Likes(0)Dislikes(0)
  7. Humberto

    October 2, 2020 at 11:04 am

    Good explanations in your article and mission accomplished.

    Likes(0)Dislikes(0)
    • Yogesh Panchal

      October 2, 2020 at 6:32 pm

      Thanks! Humberto

      Likes(0)Dislikes(0)
  8. Saqib Sami

    October 6, 2020 at 2:30 am

    Nice article Sir.
    I have cooler master power supply, it does not show any output voltages.
    When connected to 220v and tried to turn by connecting green and black wire, fan moves a bit only and there is hissing noise. What components should I check.

    Likes(0)Dislikes(0)
  9. Yogesh Panchal

    October 8, 2020 at 9:43 pm

    Saqib Sami,

    Just check hissing noise is from where?? from Fan or from the circuit to eliminate suspected stage first remove the "fan wire" if hissing noise is gone then either replace the Fan Or you can try it doing oiling in bushing. still have hissing noise check the capacitors and other components by method of cold testing using Multimeter. Remember to use series bulb while live testing.

    Likes(0)Dislikes(0)
  10. solomon

    October 9, 2020 at 2:05 pm

    i have briefed with step by step explanation
    keep the good work...and thank you a lot

    Likes(0)Dislikes(0)
  11. Yogesh Panchal

    October 15, 2020 at 3:45 pm

    solomon,
    your welcome!

    Likes(0)Dislikes(0)

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