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Ryobi BC-1400L 14.4V Lithium Ion Battery Charger Repair

By on December 30, 2020
Ryobi BC-1400L 14.4V Lithium Ion Battery Charger Repair

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Repair Project: Ryobi BC-1400L 14.4V Lithium Ion Battery Charger

This battery charger was brought to me by a customer, who claimed it was not working. The cover was already open, and the customer claimed that he’d only had a look at it, and hadn’t touched anything.

1. Initial Inspection

Apart from a dirty and greasy casing, there was no visual indication of any component damage. On the PCB solder side, I noticed some dry joints at the large blue toroid, but nothing else unusual.

2. Resoldering all Joints

At this point, there was no benefit in connecting power, until after I had resoldered all the joints with old-fashioned poisonous leaded solder – with correct ventilation. Now that I was certain that current would flow correctly, then it was ready for its first connection to AC Power.

3. Initial Diagnosis

Of course, the absolute first step before working on any SMPS unit is to remove the Fuse, and replace it with a suitable wattage incandescent light bulb – in this case 100W, being that the unit is rated at 90W.

ryobi battery charger repair

Bottom Label showing Power Ratings

The normal indication of a healthy SMPS is a momentary illumination of the light bulb (indicating a momentary short at initial inrush current), and then no illumination at all (indicating normal stable current flow).

The light did not illuminate at all, which indicated a problem, but NOT a short in the Primary Power section. Therefore I started troubleshooting in the Secondary Power section.

4. Troubleshooting

I checked ESR on all the electrolytic capacitors, and due to marginally high ESR, replaced all caps except the 2 main filter units.

how to fix ryobi battery charger

New capacitors and DIP-8 Socket installed

I connected AC power again, but still no momentary illumination, therefore even though the caps tested marginal, they were not the main problem.

Having replaced the marginal capacitors, I remained in the Secondary Power section of the PCB. I checked the FQP27P06 MosFET, and it was shorted. I replaced it, and applied AC power but still no bulb illumination. Then I checked for any type of output voltage at the charging terminals – absolutely 0VDC.

I checked all the Transistors and Diodes in the Secondary Power section, and all checked OK. I was a little concerned, because one of the IC controllers (Agamem AA68051 DIP-18) has absolutely no data available on the web, and I had no way to determine whether it was faulty or not.

So, I started diagnosing the Primary Power section. I removed the 2SK2654 MosFET, and 2 terminals showed open. I replaced this component, and applied AC power, but still no bulb illumination.

The other components in the MosFET circuit are 2 medium power transistors (BC327-25 NPN and BC337-25 PNP), and a UC3844B Current Mode Controller. All 3 were shorted.

I installed a DIP Socket for the UC3844B, replaced these 3 components, and also the PC817 OptoController.

5. Final Testing

I applied AC power, and now the bulb illuminated momentarily, and then extinguished. Success. I did not replace the fuse at this point – I wanted to confirm correct operation through the various charging cycles.

I connected my voltmeter to the charging terminals to monitor DC Voltage, and installed a Ryobi Li-Ion Battery. The voltmeter showed a quick rise through 3VDC upwards to about 10VDC, while the Red LED flashed slowly, indicating “Initial Charging”.

Then I noticed that the 100W light bulb was flashing on and off intermittently, and I looked quickly at the MultiMeter Voltage 11.6VDC.

No problem – from previous experience on SMPS units, I know that a flashing light bulb indicates that the unit is cycling due to insufficient power input (which the light bulb resistance is causing), and that it is now OK to replace the fuse.

I replaced the fuse, and over about 20 minutes, observed the steady “Charging” Red LED and the charging voltage rise to about 14.3VDC. Then the Red LED started flashing quickly, indicating a “Charged” condition.

how to repair Ryobi battery charger

Charged Condition

I removed the Ryobi Li-Ion battery, and checked its voltage – 16VDC – a very healthy battery, a healthy charger now operating correctly, and indicating a successful repair.




Parts for this restoration

Parts and advice are available for owners who wish to tackle this project by themselves.

menahem yachad

Mr Yachad own and operate CondorAudio in Jerusalem Israel, and restore/repair Vintage Electronics, and modern LCD/LED TV’s and other equipment. He has a fully equipped lab to handle the most demanding projects. He service customers from all over the world, especially reviving equipment at the “Component Level” that other technicians do not know how to repair, or declare “Parts no longer available”.

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https://jestineyong.com/audio-restoration-repair-bose-wave-music-system-awrcc1-awrcc2-awrcc7/

 

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8 Comments

  1. Parasuraman S

    December 30, 2020 at 1:26 pm

    Excellent article packed with lot of technical knowledge! Well written and arranged in an order, indicating the class of the writer and how systematic he is in his approach! Highly professional talents, indeed! Kudos! Many thanks for sharing this!

    Likes(4)Dislikes(0)
  2. Albert van Bemmelen

    December 30, 2020 at 2:50 pm

    Nice smps power repair article with like often unknown controller parts (the mentioned AA68051 DIP-18) that are always a point of concern.
    You successfully were able to fix the defect unit but oddly started checking the secundary side first and in conclusion found the trouble was also in the primary HV side. But all that counts is the good result in the end! Thanks for sharing!

    Likes(4)Dislikes(0)
    • Menahem Yachad

      December 30, 2020 at 5:55 pm

      Albert,
      About 8 out of 10 SMPS repairs which I have done, show defects in the Secondary Section, which after repairing, the job is finished.
      So, by experience and habit, I naturally check the Secondary Section first.

      If the light bulb had illuminated and remained so, that is a sign of a short in the Primary Section, and of course, requires repairing the Primary Section first. But that was not the case here!

      Likes(4)Dislikes(0)
      • Albert van Bemmelen

        December 31, 2020 at 3:19 am

        Understood Menahem. Most of my power adapter repairs, mainly the smaller 5V USB adapters, are always only defect at the primary side. Maybe this somehow relates to the size of the smps pwm controlled units? (such as maybe heat problems?)

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  3. Alena

    December 30, 2020 at 6:15 pm

    Hello, very nice repair. Most give up after few replacements, you saw it through!
    Informative read. Thank you

    Likes(3)Dislikes(0)
  4. Yogesh Panchal

    December 30, 2020 at 11:02 pm

    Menahem Yachad,
    Lucky to fix the Unit.Odd parts availability (even data availability) now a days is headache.

    Likes(1)Dislikes(0)
  5. Waleed Rishmawi

    December 31, 2020 at 7:02 pm

    a job well done on the repair. have a blessed day

    Likes(1)Dislikes(0)
  6. Humberto

    January 4, 2021 at 11:28 am

    A good repair. Great explanations Sir.

    Likes(1)Dislikes(0)

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