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Shorted E-cap In Appex SMPS Repaired

By on February 9, 2016
atx power supply repair








This APPEX SMPS Model: LC-8360BTX was brought to me and the complaint was it had been connected into the 220 volt outlet with the back Voltage Selector in the position of 110 volt.

atx repair

Wow! The paper seal of the manufacturer had not been violated yet, in other words, I was the first person in opening this PSU.

The unit was dismantled, a piece of cake, only four screws in the upper cover:

atx circuit board

As you can see in the photos above the PCB was very dirty, of course it was cleaned quickly for having a better access to the circuitry. Of course that the fuse was blown, right away the four diodes were tested with the Digital Multimeter and they were ok too. The oscillator transistors (MJE13007 in this specific case) were checked on as fine too. All the e-caps of the primary side were checked with the Blue ESR Meter/Cap meter and they were ok too, such as the resistors, some other diodes and etc., etc. But in the secondary side, found an e-cap (1000µF/16v) in bad conditions, it was substituted. If you want to learn how to repair SMPS you can check out the Ebook by Jestine Yong.

m6013 capacitor tester

On the other hand many cold solder joints were found too.

cold solder joints

Of course I won’t show more photos because they were a great deal of them. All these cold solder joints were repaired with fresh tin. After all this, the SMPS was connected into 110 volt outlet, but this time with the incandescent bulb and look at the result in the photo below:

repair atx

Obviously there was still a short-circuit in the circuit board, and I had tested all the components in the primary side. It got to be something shorted that had caused the light bulb to lights up. From my experience, the two big filter capacitors (470µF/200v) can be tested good using any ESR meter and Digital Capacitor meter but can fail when under load. This means when full voltage is applied to the capacitor, the bad capacitor internal plate can go shorted causing the bulb to lights up. This is a not a common case as most of the capacitor problem are due to bad ESR and capacitance value run. If I have the insulation tester I will be able to test out which one is the culprit. I just tested one by one and found one of it bad.

I started to look for the parts from my junk board and found the e-caps.

bad capacitors

I directly replaced the two capacitors even though only found one to have problem. They were soldered into the circuit and look what happened when the SMPS was connected into the AC-mains.

ac voltage bulb test

This time there was no danger of short-circuit, so the bulb was de-soldered from the PCB, the fuse was substituted for a good one and when the SMPS was switched on look at the result in the photos below:

power supply repair

Only one thing I want to express: another device saved from the junk.













This article was prepared for you by Humberto Rodriguez, one of our ‘Master Authors’ from Cuba.

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Note: You may check his previous repair article in the below link:




  1. Elect.Eng

    February 9, 2016 at 6:16 pm

    Hello Humberto ,

    Very nice repair.

    Thank you for your share

    • Humberto

      February 12, 2016 at 8:50 pm

      Thanks Elect.Eng. You are welcome.

  2. Gerald

    February 9, 2016 at 8:20 pm

    Well done Humberto. Capacitors that only fail under voltage are not so common. It took your experience to figure this out. I love your capacitor junk basket. I wish I had the same 🙂

    Thanks for sharing.

    • Humberto

      February 12, 2016 at 8:53 pm

      Hi Gerald, this is not a common case, but it has happened to me a few times.

  3. Henrique J. G. Ulbrich

    February 9, 2016 at 10:29 pm

    Well done, Humberto. Sin duda, it's very rare that e-caps present such type of defect. Saludos.

    • Humberto

      February 12, 2016 at 8:54 pm

      Henrique certainly is an unusual case . Salu2 .

  4. Robert Calk

    February 10, 2016 at 12:09 am

    Good job Humberto. Insulation testers are nice tools to have handy.

    • Humberto

      February 12, 2016 at 9:01 pm

      Yes Robert, I´m thinking about buying one. Thanks.

  5. Yogesh Panchal

    February 10, 2016 at 1:15 am

    congratulations! for finding culprit.

    • Humberto

      February 12, 2016 at 9:03 pm

      Thanks Yogesh

  6. Mark

    February 10, 2016 at 7:40 am

    Hey Humberto,
    Thanks for your article. Sometimes you have to make a judgement call despite what the instruments tell us. That's what they call experience. Thanks for sharing yours.

    • Humberto

      February 12, 2016 at 9:07 pm

      Yes Mark, you are 100% right. Thanks.

  7. beh

    February 10, 2016 at 11:07 am

    Hi Humberto
    as you told this kind of cap problem is rare but you found it.
    well done and thanks for article

    • Humberto

      February 12, 2016 at 9:13 pm

      Thanks beh.

  8. Suranga Electronics

    February 10, 2016 at 2:07 pm

    Good job Mr-Humberto and Thanks for sharing....

    • Humberto

      February 12, 2016 at 9:17 pm

      Thanks Suranga Electronics.

  9. Parasuraman S

    February 11, 2016 at 9:26 pm

    Well done, Humberto! Learnt something new from you, about capacitors getting short! Thanks for sharing!

    • Humberto

      February 12, 2016 at 9:19 pm

      Yes Parasuraman, a rare case, but it happens. Thanks for your comment

  10. meizi

    February 16, 2016 at 8:45 am

    Hello there Humberto, As always another succesful repair. Thanks for sharing.


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